Fair Debt Collection Practices Act
(FDCPA), is a law within the Consumer Credit Protection Act, related to protecting consumers from debt collection abuse or mistaken debt information. The act provides rules that collection agents must follow when attempting to collect a debt and gives consumers rights related to the collection of debts.
Family and Medical Leave Act
(FMLA) is a federal law that allows eligible employees up to 12 weeks of unpaid medical leave with continued medical benefits and restoration of their original position when they return. Employers and employees both have specific rights and responsibilities during an FMLA-qualifying leave. Employers who must offer FMLA are all federal, state, and local governments and agencies (including public and private schools) and private employers with 50 or more employees for 20 weeks per calendar year. Employees are eligible if they have worked for the same employer for the previous 12 months and have worked at least 1,250 hours during that time. Leave is granted to employees who can provide medical documentation to support that the leave is needed due to the birth or adoption of a child, the employee’s serious health condition, or the serious health condition of the employee’s immediate family members.
Family Education Rights and Privacy Act
(FERPA) the federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. It gives parents certain rights to review and request changes in their child's school records as well as requiring parental permission for the release of education records except under specified circumstances.
Federal Trade Commission
(FTC) is an agency of the United States government whose mission is to promote the protection of consumers against deceptive or unfair business practices and to stop or prevent anti-competitive business practices.
One of a group of crimes found serious enough to warrant more than a year in prison (state or federal). Less serious offenses are known as misdemeanors. Offenses considered serious enough to be in the felony category will vary state by state. Connecticut further classifies felonies by class. Crimes commonly found in the felony category include murder, kidnapping, armed robbery, embezzlement, rape, treason, fraud, grand theft, arson, racketeering, some instances of drug possession, and the third or fourth conviction for operating a vehicle under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Go to http://www.cga.ct.gov/2005/rpt/2005-r-0192.htm for a list of classes of felonies. In addition to punishment for their crime(s), felons also lose rights in many states in the U.S., such as the right to vote, the right to run for public office, the right to obtain certain licenses, and the right to own or purchase firearms. A felony conviction will also make it difficult to find meaningful employment.
Capital felonies are punishable by execution or life imprisonment. Class A felonies for murder are punishable by 25 to 60 years imprisonment and up to a $20,000.00 fine. Class A felonies other than murder are punishable by 10 to 25 years imprisonment and up to a $20,000.00 fine. Class B felonies are punishable by 1 to 20 years imprisonment and up to a $15,000.00 fine. Class C felonies are punishable by 1 to 10 years imprisonment and up to a $10,000.00 fine.
Freedom of Information Act
(FOIA) is the act which allows access to most public records, with exceptions for reasons that can include protection of national security, trade secrets, law enforcement records, attorney-client privilege, invasion of personal privacy, and internal personnel records.